The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an
active, graceful, well-balanced toy spaniel, very gay and free in action:
fearless and sporting in character, yet at the same time gentle and affectionate.
It is this typical gay temperament, combined with true elegance and royal
appearance which are of paramount importance in the breed. Natural appearance
with no trimming, sculpting or artificial alteration for this breed type.
Size, Proportion, & Substance
Size-Height 12-13 inches at the withers:
weight proportionate to height, between 13-18 pounds. A small, well balanced
dog within these weight is desirable, but these are ideal heights and weights
and slight variations are permissible.
Proportion- The body approaching squareness,
yet if measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock, is slightly
longer than the height at the withers. The height from the withers to the
elbow is approximately equal to the height from the elbow to the ground.
Substance-Bone moderate in proportion
to size. Weedy and coarse specimen are to be equally penalized.
Proportionate to size of dog, appearing
neither too large nor to small for the body.
Expression- The sweet, gentle melting
expression is important breed characteristic.
Eyes- Large, round, but not prominent
and set well apart: color a warm, very dark brown: giving a lustrous limpid
look. Rims dark. There should be cushioning under the eyes which contributes
to the soft expression.
Faults-small, almond shaped prominent,
or light eyes: white surrounding rim.
Ears- set high but not close, on top of
the head. Leather long with plenty of feathering wide enough so that when
the dog is alert, the ears fan slightly forward to frame the face.
Skull- Slightly rounded, but without dome
it should appear flat because of the high placement of the ears. Stop is
moderate neither filled nor deep.
Muzzle- Full muzzle slightly tapered.
Length from base of stop to tip of nose about 1 1/2inches. Face well filled
below eyes. Any tendency towards snappishness undesirable.
Nose- pigment uniformly black without
flesh marks and nostrils well developed.
Lips-well developed but not pendulous
giving a clean finish.
Faults- Sharp or pointed muzzles.
Bite- A perfect, regular and complete
scissors bite is preferred. ie the upper teeth closely overlapping the
lower teeth and set square into the jaws.
Faults-undershot bite, weak or crooked
teeth, crooked jaws.
Neck Top line, Body
Neck- Fairly long, without throatiness,
well enough muscled to form a slight arch at the crest. Set smoothly into
nicely sloping shoulders give an elegant look.
Top line- Level both when moving and standing.
Body- Short-coupled with ribs well spring
but not barreled. Chest moderately deep, extending to elbows allowing ample
heart room. Sightly less body at the flank than at the last rib, but with
not tucked up appearance.
Tail- Well set on , carried happily but
never much above the level of the back, and in constant characteristic
motion when dog is in action. Docking is optional. No more than one third
to be removed.
Shoulders well laid back. Forelegs straight
and well under the dog with elbows close to the sides. Paws strong and
fee compact with well-cushioned pads. Dewclaws may be removed.
The hindquarters construction should come
down from a good broad pelvis, moderately muscled: stifles well turned
and hocks well let down. The hind legs when viewed from the rear should
parallel each other from hock to heel.
Faults-Cow or sickle hocks.
Of moderate length, silky, free from curl.
Slight wave permissible Feathering on ears, chest, leg as and tail should
be long, and the feathering on the feet is a feature of the breed. No trimming
of the dog is permitted. Specimens where the coat has been altered by trimming,
clipped or by artificial means shall be so severely penalized as to be
effectively eliminated from competition. Hair growing between the pads
on the underside of the feet may be trimmed.
Blenheim-Rich chestnut markings well broken
up on a clear, pearly white ground. The ears must be chestnut and the color
evenly spaced on the head and surround both eyes, with a white blaze between
the eyes and ears, in the center of which may be the lozenge or "blenheim
spot". The lozenge is a unique and desirable, though not essential, characteristic
of the blenheim.
Tricolor- Jet black markings well broken
on a clear, pearly white ground. The ears must be black and the color evenly
spaced on the head and surround both eyes, with a white place between the
eyes. Rich tan markings over the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears and on underside
Ruby- Whole colored high red .
Black and Tan- Jet black with rich, bright
tan markings over eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest, legs and on underside
of tail. Faults heavy ticking on blenheims or tricolors, white marks on
rubies or black and tans.
Free moving and elegant in actions, with
good reach in front and sound, driving rear actions. When viewed from the
side, the movement expresses a good length of stride, and viewed from front
and rear it is straight and true, resulting from straight-boned fronts
and properly made and muscled hindquarters.
Gay, friendly, non-aggressive with no
tendency towards nervousness or shyness. Bad temper, shyness, and meanness
are not to be tolerated and are to be severely penalized as to effectively
remove the specimen from competition.